Definition –Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health.
Overweight– A body mass index (BMI) over 25 is considered overweight
Obesity–A body mass index (BMI) over 30 is considered Obese.
Obesity is not just a cosmetic consideration. It is a chronic medical disease that can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity-associated cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease, gallstones, and other chronic illnesses.
Obesity is a risk factor for a number of cancers.
Obesity is difficult to treat and has a high relapse rate. Most people who lose weight regain the weight within five years.
Even though medications and diets can help, the treatment of obesity cannot be a short-term “fix” but has to be a lifelong commitment to proper diet habits, increased physical activity, and regular exercise.
The goal of treatment should be to achieve and maintain a “healthier weight,” not necessarily an ideal weight.
Even a modest weight loss of 5%-10% of initial weight and the long-term maintenance of that weight loss can bring significant health benefits by lowering blood pressure and lowering the risks of diabetes and heart disease.
The chances of long-term successful weight loss are enhanced if the doctor works with a team of professionals, including dietitians, psychologists, and exercise professionals.